Fabric identification methods and use

Source:Jinhua Huiheng Trading Co.Ltd.Release time:2023-03-10

1. Soft fabric

Soft fabrics are generally lighter and thinner, with good drape, smooth modeling lines and natural stretching of clothing outline. Soft fabrics mainly include knitted fabrics and silk fabrics with sparse fabric structure, as well as soft and thin linen fabrics. Soft knitted fabrics are often used in the design of clothing linear concise modeling reflecting the body's beautiful curves; silk, linen and other fabrics are seen loose and pleated effect of the modeling, the performance of the flow of fabric lines.

2. Cool fabric

The line of stiff fabric is clear with a sense of volume, which can form a full outline of clothing. Commonly, there are cotton, polyester-cotton, corduroy, linen and various kinds of medium-thick wool and chemical fiber fabrics, etc. This kind of fabric can be used in the design of highlighting the precision of clothing modeling, such as the design of suits and suits.

3. Glossy fabrics

Glossy fabrics have smooth surface and can reflect bright light, with the feeling of glittering. This kind of fabric includes satin structured fabric. Most often used in night dresses or stage performance clothes to produce a gorgeous and dazzling strong visual effect. Glossy fabrics have a wide range of freedom in the performance of dresses, and can have simple design or more exaggerated modelling.

4. Heavy fabric

Thick and heavy fabrics are thick and scraping, which can produce stable modeling effect, including all kinds of thick tweed and quilting fabrics. Its fabric has a sense of shape expansion, not too much use of pleating and stacking, the design of A-type and H-type modeling is most appropriate.

5. Transparent fabric

Transparent fabrics are light and transparent, with elegant and mysterious artistic effects. Including cotton, silk, chemical fiber fabrics, such as georgette, satin silk, chemical fiber lace, etc.. In order to express the transparency of the fabric, the lines are often used to natural fullness, rich in change of H-type and round platform type design shape.

The following, the characteristics of common clothing fabrics are some simple introduction:

1. Cotton fabric

It is the general name of all kinds of cotton textiles. It is mostly used to make fashion, casual wear, underwear and shirts. Its advantages are easy to keep warm, soft to the body, moisture absorption, breathability is very good. Its disadvantage is that it is easy to shrink, easy to wrinkle, the appearance is not very straight and beautiful, and must be ironed from time to time when wearing.

2. Linen

It is a fabric made of hemp, flax, ramie, jute, sisal, banana hemp and other hemp plant fibers. It is generally used to make casual wear and work wear, and is also used to make ordinary summer clothes. Its advantage is that it is very strong, moisture absorption, thermal conductivity, breathability is very good. Its disadvantage is that it is not very comfortable to wear, the appearance is relatively rough, stiff.

3. Silk

Silk is a variety of silk fabrics woven from silk as raw material is the collective name. As with cotton, it has many varieties and different personalities. It can be used to make a variety of clothing, especially suitable for the production of women's clothing. Its strengths are light, fit, soft, smooth, breathable, colorful, lustrous, noble and elegant, comfortable to wear. Its shortcomings are easy to produce wrinkles, easy to absorb the body, not strong enough, fading faster.

4. Tweed

Also called wool, it is a general term for all kinds of wool, cashmere woven into the fabric. It is usually used to make dresses, suits, coats and other formal, high-grade clothing. Its advantages are wrinkle and wear resistance, soft hand, elegant and brace, elasticity and warmth. Its disadvantage is mainly more difficult to wash, not very suitable for making summer clothes.

5. Leather

Is tanned animal fur fabric. It is mostly used to make fashion, winter clothing. And can be divided into two categories: one is leather, that is, after the fur treatment of leather. The second is fur, that is, treated leather with fur. Its advantage is light and warm, elegant and luxurious. Its disadvantage is that it is expensive, storage, care requirements are high, so it is not popular.

6. Chemical fiber

Chemical fiber is short for chemical fiber. It is the use of polymer compounds as raw materials for the production of fibers of textiles. It is usually divided into two categories: artificial fibers and synthetic fibers. They share the advantages of bright colors, soft texture, draping, smooth and comfortable. Their disadvantages are wear resistance, heat resistance, moisture absorption, breathability is poor, easy to deformation in the heat, easy to generate static electricity. Although it can be used to make various types of clothing, but the overall grade is not high, it is difficult to get into the hall of fame.

7. Blending

Is the natural fibers and chemical fibers in accordance with a certain ratio, mixed textile fabric, can be used to make a variety of clothing. Its strengths, is both the absorption of cotton, hemp, silk, wool and chemical fiber each of the advantages, and as far as possible to avoid their respective shortcomings, and relatively low value, so popular.